Types of Scars
Normal Scars: These are the typical scars that form after a wound or injury has healed. They may appear flat, pale, or slightly darker than the surrounding skin. Over time, normal scars may become less noticeable.
Hypertrophic Scars: These scars are characterized by their raised and thickened appearance. They often remain within the boundaries of the original wound and may be red, pink, or purple. Hypertrophic scars form from an overproduction of collagen during the healing process.
Keloid Scars: Similar to hypertrophic scars, keloid scars are raised and can extend beyond the boundaries of the original wound. They are more common in individuals with darker skin tones and are caused by an overgrowth of scar tissue. Keloid scars can be itchy and painful and may continue to grow.
Atrophic Scars: Unlike hypertrophic and keloid scars, atrophic scars are characterized by depression or indentation in the skin. They often occur as a result of tissue loss during the healing process. Examples of atrophic scars include ice pick, boxcar, and rolling scars.
Contracture Scars: These scars occur when the skin is severely damaged and leads to the tightening of the surrounding tissue. Contracture scars can limit movement and may even affect underlying muscles and nerves. They commonly occur as a result of burns.
Scars are a natural part of the healing process, but their appearance can concern many individuals. Understanding the types of scars and their characteristics can help you determine suitable treatment options for scarring. Non-surgical treatments can help reduce the appearance of scars.